To celebrate the birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., I figured I would introduce you to a book I read a few years back. Martin & Malcolm & America. If you haven’t read the book, but you’re curious about Martin & Malcolm. This would be a great book to get you started.
The Meeting of Martin & Malcolm
After eight years of verbal sparring through the media, two great African-American leaders, Martin Luther King Jr., and Malcolm X, finally met for the first and only time in Washington, D.C.
Although the media portrayed them as adversaries, Martin and Malcolm were actually fond of each other. There was no animosity between them. They saw each other as a fellow justice-fighter, struggling against the same evil — racism — and for the same goal — freedom for African-American.
Integrationism and Nationalism In African American Intellectual History
No one stated the dilemma that slavery and segregation created for Africans in the United States as sharply and poignantly as W.E.B. Du Bois. In his classic statement of the problem, he spoke of it as a “peculiar sensation,” a “double-consciousness,” “two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder.”
The “twoness” that Du Bois was describing stemmed from being an African in America. “Here, then, is the dilemma,” he wrote in “The Conservation of Races.” “What, after all, am I? Am I an American or am I a Negro? Can I be both?”
Du Bois talked about the point that “Integrationist Thinkers” may be defined as those who answer “Yes” to the question, “Can I be both?” On the other hand, “Nationlist Thinkers” have rejected the American side of their identity and affirmed the African side, saying “No, we can’t be both.”