NPAPI Support by Chrome
It looks like I’m behind time a bit, because Google has made some changes to Chrome that won’t allow anything from Java 42 & up to run on Chrome. Well, I was having problems with Chrome not running smoothly anyhow; now I’ll be using Firefox exclusively, and probably use Chrome for email only.
But here’s what I came across, and it might be the solution to your Java issue in Chrome as well.
The Java plug-in for web browsers relies on the cross platform plugin architecture NPAPI, which has long been, and currently is, supported by all major web browsers.
Google announced in September 2013 plans to remove NPAPI support from Chrome by “the end of 2014”, thus effectively dropping support for Silverlight, Java, Facebook Video and other similar NPAPI based plugins.
Recently, Google has revised their plans and now state that they plan to completely remove NPAPI by late 2015. As it is unclear if these dates will be further extended or not, we strongly recommend Java users consider alternatives to Chrome as soon as possible.
Instead, we recommend Firefox, Internet Explorer and Safari as longer-term options. As of April 2015, starting with Chrome Version 42, Google has added an additional step to configuring NPAPI based plugins like Java to run — see the section Enabling NPAPI in Chrome Version 42 and later below.